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My new website has reached the point where it has all the minimum features required to work. In this post, I talk about the reasons for creating it and what the used design and technology are. The code of my website can be found in my GitHub.
Why create a website from scratch?
My first blog was hosted in blogspot, but it was too limiting in what can be done in the blog and the theming.
The next iteration was in GitHub. In this case, I had more freedom regarding the hosting and theming, but it was done using Jekyll and I have no idea about Ruby. This was a problem when I wanted to improve how the site was behaving. Regarding the themes, if I wanted to do some changes, I would have to learn its framework.
Finally, the current iteration has been done from scratch and self hosted. But why? The answer is simple, freedom. I am able to change any part of it, such as the backend or the CSS theme or even host videos.
Why use Django?
The first idea was to use something similar to Jekyll to generate static websites, but written in a language I already knew. With that criteria I found Pelican, a static site generator written in Python. The only drawback of Pelican is that the community is smaller than the one in Jekyll and that means that it is harder to find help, tutorials and documentation online.
After playing with Pelican, and other static site generators, and not finding anything that met my requirements, I decided to go one step further. So, I decided to find a python based web framework. The two main contenders are Django and Flask.
Flask is an awesome and lightweight web framework with a really small learning curve, great documentation and community. Also, Django is an incredible web framework with batteries included. Django has one of the best documentation I have seen in any project and the community is really engaging. Flask is also more pythonistic than Django.
The reasons why I picked Django over Flask were basically three:
- Django has a bigger community, more people developing it. That means that it has more probablilities to last longer than Flask. I do not think that Flask is going to go away anytime soon. To build a big project such as my personal website, however, I prefer to base it on a project that will last for a long time.
- Django's documentation is incredible. Flask has a really complete and helpful documentation, but I find Django's documentation easier to work with.
- Django's support for SQLite out of the box and its integration with Django's models.
Structure of the website
The structure of the website is quite simple and relies a lot on the backend to do the hard work.
The backend is build using Django and SQLite. Since the current usage of the blog can be handled by SQLite without a problem I have not bothered in changing it. Thanks to Django's integration with the different database backends, I can change it to PostgreSQL changing a couple of lines if required.
The database contains four tables: posts, categories, tags and post-tags.
- posts contains the information about each post and its content (written in Markdown).
- categories contains the name of each category.
- tags contains the name of each tag.
- post-tags contains the relation between all posts and their associated tags.
The template engine for the website is Jinja2 and it allows to create incredible and extendable themes and sites with a minimal boilerplate.
- Slow website on mobile devices. Since more than 70% of the people coming to my previous website where coming from a mobile device, I wanted them to have a great experience (without sacrificing the experience of the ones coming from a computer).
The theme used for the website is inspired on a Jekyll theme called Hyde.
I am happy with the current state of the website, although I will keep improving it and adding new features as I need them - since that was the whole purpose of building my own website.
If you are thinking about creating a blog or a personal website please do not jump to create your own from scratch as I did. I do recommend to use first something such as blogspot to start with.
Afterwards, if you find the platform too limiting, then I would suggest to go to a static generated website or some other similar option.
Finally, if you already tried all of these and still feels like you are missing something, then I would say it is time to think about creating your own website.